Uganda is experiencing changes in the climatic conditions and this has been exacerbated by anthropogenic activities related to degradation of natural resources. This is having devastating impacts on the society and undermining Uganda’s social and economic growth. The changes in climatic conditions have caused floods, droughts and landslides in various parts of the country resulting in destruction of infrastructure, crops and settlement structures and general destruction of peoples’ livelihoods. The key impacts have been on agriculture (crop failures due to drought and destruction by flooding), energy (especially hydropower generation), transport (destruction of roads and bridges), water supply (affecting quantity and quality), livestock production (affecting pasture production, water supply and many other negative impacts.
If the NDP III focus of investing in critical national infrastructure projects to lower production costs, enhance international competitiveness and facilitate the sustainable exploitation of developmental opportunities in agriculture, tourism, minerals, and oil/gas is to be realized there will need to address impacts of climate change. There is therefore a need to enhance the resilience of the various sectors of the economy and the communities to climate related shocks through implementing appropriate climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies. This will among others include sustainable management and development of water, environment and natural resources as well as conservation and protection of water catchment areas to improve land production, water supply and storage and prevent landslides in selected areas in Uganda. Sound catchment management practices are critical in mitigating drought and flood risks thus reducing the average cost of maintenance and the likely rebuilding of lost key infrastructure such as roads, bridges, houses, manufacturing industries, schools and agriculture fields. Resettlement costs for the people displaced by floods can be saved and transferred to other priority development programmes. Mitigation of impact of climate variability and climate change will also be key for employment and wealth creation and general economic growth.
This sub-theme will explore the impacts of climate change, both positive and negative, on the social and economic sectors of Uganda, and explore existing and potential innovative climate change mitigation and adaptation options that are key in supporting the achievement of various NDP3 goals and targets and specifically employment and wealth creation, and general economic growth.
This sub-theme will explore the impacts of degradation of water, environment and natural resources on achievement of NDPIII targets and what needs to be done to ensure water and environmental security for inclusive growth. It will also discuss the governance challenges associated with environment and natural resources management and transboundary water cooperation and present possible solutions to promote sound water, environment and natural resources management and transboundary water cooperation and prevent conflicts. This sub-theme will also look into ensuring coordinated and sustainable national infrastructure projects considering that Uganda’s economy relies almost entirely on the stock of water, environmental and natural resources to produce goods and deliver services. It will also address the new approaches to achieving Water-Food-Energy nexus as well as approaches for addressing water scarcity and through non-conventional water and environment resources management approaches.